Carbon dating the age of the earth


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Age of the Earth




Dinners eat the sidelines and make it part of our tissues. Since then, the fact has been intentionally designed and finally improved.


However, RATE is attempting to fit all radiometric dating into a young earth model. The RATE research in the area of radiocarbon has focused on the "blank" sample date. According to the science behind radiocarbon dating, very old samples should have no measurable 14C left.

Dating the of the earth age Carbon

Datinf, conventional scientific research projects, as well as RATE research on coal beds and diamonds, have found samples which should no longer have any 14C but actually contain very small amounts of Cabron. Since the accelerated mass spectrometer can detect 14C to a higher precision than what was found in the samples, the 14C is thought to exist because of some sort of unexplained phenomenon or contamination. Therefore, the RATE team has identified a valid anomaly in radiocarbon research which deserves further research. Before proposing their alternate theory about the residual 14C found in very old samples, the Rate team first discusses the possibility of contamination.

Besides the cosmic rays creating 14C in the atmosphere, other ways to create 14C have been identified. Alpha particle emissions from uranium and thorium decay can convert 14N into 14C just as it is formed in the atmosphere. However, as Baumgardner discusses the possible contamination through these processes, he concludes that "production of 14C by thermal neutrons at presently observed levels in unable, by several orders of magnitude, to account for the 14C levels we measure" Baumgardner The RATE team has used this anomaly to advance an alternative theory.

Noting that 14C exists in samples which should be 14C dead tne thus providing an age for the samples around 50, eatth, the RATE team has come up with eargh theory for how such an inconsistency od occur. After rejecting contamination as a possibility for the presence of background Caarbon, the team has come up with a model in which the ahe outlined in the Bible, specifically Noah's flood, explains the observed 14C. The "best" datihg for Carrbon Earth is based on the time required for the lead isotopes in four very old lead ores galena to have evolved from the composition of Cagbon at the time the Solar System formed, as recorded in the Canyon Diablo iron meteorite.

This "model lead age" is 4. The evidence for the antiquity of the Agf and Solar System is consistent with evidence pf an even greater age for the Universe and Milky Way Galaxy. The estimates range from 7 to 20 billion years, depending on whether the expansion is constant or is slowing due to gravitational attraction. But how would you know? We must also note that rocks are not completely solid, but porous. And gas can indeed move through rocks, albeit rather slowly. So the assumption that all the produced argon will remain trapped in the rock is almost certainly wrong.

And it is also possible for argon to diffuse into the rock of course, depending on the relative concentration. So the system is not as closed as secularists would like to think. There are some mathematical methods by which scientists attempt to estimate the initial quantity of elements in a rock, so that they can compensate for elements like argon that might have been present when the rock first formed. Such techniques are called isochron methods. They are mathematically clever, and we may explore them in a future article. However, like the model-age method, they are known to give incorrect answers when applied to rocks of known age.

And neither the model-age method nor the isochron method are able to assess the assumption that the decay rate is uniform. As we will see below, this assumption is very dubious. RATE Years ago, a group of creation scientists set out to explore the question of why radiometric dating methods give inflated age estimates. We know they do because of the aforementioned tests on rocks whose origins were observed. But why? Which of the three main assumptions initial conditions are known, rate of decay is known, the system is close is false? To answer this question, several creation geologists and physicists came together to form the RATE research initiative Radioisotopes and the Age of The Earth.

This multi-year research project engaged in several different avenues of study, and found some fascinating results. As mentioned above, the isochron method uses some mathematical techniques in an attempt to estimate the initial conditions and assess the closed-ness of the system. However, neither it nor the model-age method allow for the possibility that radioactive decay might have occurred at a different rate in the past. In other words, all radiometric dating methods assume that the half-life of any given radioactive element has always been the same as it is today.

If that assumption is false, then all radiometric age estimates will be unreliable. As it turns out, there is compelling evidence that the half-lives of certain slow-decaying radioactive elements were much smaller in the past. Farth may be the main reason why radiometric dating often gives vastly inflated age estimates. First, a bit of fating information is in eartn. Most physicists had assumed that radioactive half-lives have always been what they are today. Many experiments have confirmed that most forms of radioactive decay are independent of temperature, pressure, external environment, etc. In other words, the half-life of carbon is years, and there is nothing you can do to change it.

Given the impossibility of altering these half-lives in a laboratory, it made sense for scientists to assume that such half-lives have always been the same throughout earth history. But we now know that this is wrong. In fact, it is very wrong. More recently, scientists have been able to change the half-lives of some forms of radioactive decay in a laboratory by drastic amounts. However, by ionizing the Rhenium removing all its electronsscientists were able to reduce the half-life to only 33 years! Since there is no reason why the alteration zone should not extend into what is classified as the time clock zone apart from a belief in 4.

Therefore the ores lying in the time clock zone are not necessarily any more a reflection of age than those lying in the alteration zone and ones lying in the alteration zone cannot possibly be time indicators. It is probably because of this type of evidence for extensive mixing in the alteration zone that Patterson et al.

His association of 56 blow years added additional unit that Thomson was on the transfer track. Baumgardner, Paling R. Kofahl, J.

They wrote: The requirements of the assumptions in the lead ore method are so extreme it is unlikely that it should give a correct age. They estimated the age of the Earth by substituting the lead isotope ratios of certain meteorites in the Holmes-Houtermans equation. In this equation the primordial lead ratios are required. The values they assumed were based on the lead isotope ratios observed for three meteorites. That difficulty aside, they were selected because they contain very little uranium and thorium and are therefore unlikely to contain significant radiogenic lead.

The pioneers of radioactivity were chemist Bertram B. Boltwood and the energetic Rutherford. Boltwood had conducted studies of radioactive materials as a consultant, and when Rutherford lectured at Yale in[28] Boltwood was inspired to describe the relationships between elements in various decay series. Late inRutherford took the first step toward radiometric dating by suggesting that the alpha particles released by radioactive decay could be trapped in a rocky material as helium atoms. At the time, Rutherford was only guessing at the relationship between alpha particles and helium atoms, but he would prove the connection four years later. Soddy and Sir William Ramsay had just determined the rate at which radium produces alpha particles, and Rutherford proposed that he could determine the age of a rock sample by measuring its concentration of helium.

He dated a rock in his possession to an age of 40 million years by this technique. Rutherford wrote, I came into the room, which was half dark, and presently spotted Lord Kelvin in the audience and realized that I was in trouble at the last part of my speech dealing with the age of the Earth, where my views conflicted with his. To my relief, Kelvin fell fast asleep, but as I came to the important point, I saw the old bird sit up, open an eye, and cock a baleful glance at me! Then a sudden inspiration came, and I said, "Lord Kelvin had limited the age of the Earth, provided no new source was discovered.

That prophetic utterance refers to what we are now considering tonight, radium! Rutherford's scheme was inaccurate, but it was a useful first step. Boltwood focused on the end products of decay series. A freshly created earth would require about 30, years for the amount of C in the atmosphere to reach this point of equilibrium because it would leak out as it is being filled. Tests indicate that the earth has still not reached equilibrium. There is more C in the atmosphere now than there was 40 years ago. This would prove the earth is not yet 30, years old! This also means that plants and animals that lived in the past had less C in them than do plants and animals today. Just this one fact totally upsets data obtained by C dating.

Animals eat the plants and make it part of their tissues. A very small percentage of the carbon plants take in is radioactive C Other studies suggest that life originated even earlier. Hematite tubes in volcanic rock in Quebec could have included microbes between 3. Researchers looking at rocks in southwestern Greenland also saw cone-like structures that could have surrounded microbial colonies some 3. A fist-size sample of the Acasta Gneisses, rocks in northwest Canada that are the oldest known rocks on Earth. Meet the neighbors In an effort to further refine the age of Earth, scientists began to look outward.

Gravitational interactions coalesced this material into the planets and moons at about the same time.


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